GermanyOskar Schlemmer

Oskar Schlemmer Bio, Biography, Age, Wife (Helena Tutein), Children, Cause of Death, Legacy, Career, Bauhaus school, Controversies, Google Doodle

On 4th September 2018, Google celebrates Oskar Schlemmer on what would have been his 130th Birthday with a doodle.

Oskar Schlemmer Bio

Oskar Schlemmer was born on 4 September 1888 in Stuttgart, Germany and died on 13 April 1943. He was a German painter, sculptor, designer and choreographer associated with the Bauhaus school. He was hired as Master of Form at the Bauhaus theater workshop in 1923, after working some time at the workshop of sculpture. His most famous work is “Triadisches Ballett,” in which the actors are transfigured from the normal to geometrical shapes. Also in Slat Dance and Treppenwitz, the performers’ costumes make them into living sculpture, as if part of the scenery.
Born 4 September 1888, Stuttgart, Germany
Age 54 years at the time of his death
Died 13 April 1943, Baden-Baden, Germany
Cause of death Heart Attack
Wife Helena Tutein married in 1920
Children Karin Schlemmer, daughter Ute Jaina Schlemmer
Parents Carl Leonhard SchlemmerMina Neuhaus
Nationality German
Known for Painting, Sculpture, Puppetry, Theatre, Dance
Movement Bauhaus
Google Doodle On 4th September 2018, Google celebrates Oskar Schlemmer on what would have been his 130th Birthday with a doodle.

Oskar Schlemmer Biography

Oskar Schlemmer was born in September 1888 in Stuttgart. He was the youngest of six children. His parents were, Carl Leonhard Schlemmer and Mina Neuhaus. They both died around 1900, and the young Oskar lived with his sister and learned at an early age to provide for himself. At the age of 15 years,1903, he was completely independent and supporting himself as an apprentice in an inlay workshop, moving on to another apprenticeship in marquetry from 1905 to 1909.

Oskar Schlemmer went to school at the Kunstgewerbeschule as well as the Academy of Fine Arts Vienna in Stuttgart under the tutelage of landscape painters Christian Landenberger and Friedrich von Keller. In 1910 Schlemmer moved to Berlin where he painted some of his first important works before returning to Stuttgart in 1912 as Adolf Hölzel’s master pupil. In 1914 Schlemmer was enlisted to fight on the Western Front in World War I until he was wounded and moved to a position with the military cartography unit in Colmar, where he resided until returning to work under Hölzel in 1918.

Oskar Schlemmer Google Doodle

On 4th September 2018, Google celebrates Oskar Schlemmer on what would have been his 130th Birthday with a doodle.

Oskar Schlemmer 130th Birthday Google Doodle
Oskar Schlemmer 130th Birthday Google Doodle

Oskar Schlemmer Career Highlights

  • In 1910 Schlemmer moved to Berlin where he painted some of his first important works before returning to Stuttgart in 1912 as Adolf Hölzel’s master-pupil.
  • In 1914 Schlemmer was enlisted to fight on the Western Front in World War I until he was wounded and moved to a position with the military cartography unit in Colmar, where he resided until returning to work under Hölzel in 1918.
  • In 1919 Schlemmer turned to sculpture and had an exhibition of his work at the Gallery Der Sturm in Berlin.
  • In 1920, Schlemmer was invited to Weimar by Walter Gropius to run the mural-painting and sculpture departments at the Bauhaus School before heading up the theater workshop in 1923.
  • In 1929 Schlemmer resigned his position and moved to take up a job at the Art Academy in Breslau.
  • In 1929, executed settings for the opera ‘Nightingale’ and the ballet ‘Renard’ by Igor Stravinsky.
  • From 1928 to 1930, Schlemmer worked on nine murals for a room in the Folkwang Museum in Essen.
  • In 1929, Schlemmer took a post at the Akademie in Breslau, where he painted his most celebrated work, the ‘Bauhaustreppe,’ (‘Bauhaus Stairway’) (1932; Museum of Modern Art, New York).
  • In 1932, He was obliged to leave the Breslau Academy when it was closed down in the wake of the financial crisis following the Wall Street Crash and took up a professorship at Berlin’s Vereinigte Staatsschulen für freie und angewandete Kunst (United State School for Fine and Applied Arts).
  • During World War II 1940s Schlemmer worked at the Institut für Malstoffe in Wuppertal along with Willi Baumeister and Georg Muche, run by the philanthropist Kurt Herbert. The factory offered Schlemmer the opportunity to paint without the fear of persecution.

Oskar Schlemmer Family

Schlemmer wife was Helena Tutein whom he married in 1920. They had one known child, Karin Schlemmer.

Oskar Schlemmer Death and Cause

In 1938. Schlemmer was reunited with Baumeister and other artists in 1940 when he moved to Wuppertal, Germany, where he earned a living by working at a lacquer factory. He died on 13 April 1943 in Baden-Baden, Germany of a heart attack. Schlemmer’s Triadic Ballet was revived on many occasions in the late 20th century and was performed with the original, restored costumes.

Oskar Schlemmer Legacy

Schlemmer’s ideas on art were complex and challenging even for the progressive Bauhaus movement. His work was widely exhibited in both Germany and outside the country mostly in Europe, the U.S. and Australia. Schlemmer represented bodies as architectural forms, reducing the figure to a musical play between convex, concave and flat surfaces. A comprehensive book of his letters and diary entries from 1910 to 1943 is also available.

Along with Schlemmer’s diary, his private letters to Otto Meyer and Willi Baumeister have given valuable insight on what happened at the Bauhaus; especially his writings of how the staff and students responded to the many changes and developments at the school.

Schlemmer’s first retrospective in the United States was mounted by the Baltimore Museum of Art in 1986.

Oskar Schlemmer Controversy

The artist’s daughter Ute Jaina Schlemmer In 2000 asserted that she owns the painting Bauhaus Stairway (Bauhaustreppe) or is owed money for it. She obtained a court order to hold it for further investigation while it was on temporary loan from the Museum of Modern Art in New York to the Neue Nationalgalerie in Berlin. Before the injunction was served on the Neue Nationalgalerie, Bauhaus Stairway had already been packed and shipped to New York.

Oskar Schlemmer Art market

In 1998, Schlemmer’s Idealistic Encounter (1928) was sold for a record $1.487 million at Sotheby’s in New York.

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Moses

Moses Njoroge is the Senior Editor at Glob Intel, a news and IT service provider company. He has a wide range of experience in freelance writing, Web/System Development and other related IT services.
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