GermanyPaul Klee

Paul Klee Bio, Wiki, Age, Wife (Lily Stumpf), Children, Cause of Death, Google Doodle

18th December 2018, Google Honours Paul Klee with a Doodle on what would have been his 139th Birthday.

Paul Klee Wiki

Paul Klee Bio

Paul Klee was born on 18th December 1879 and died on 29th June 1940. He was a Swiss-German artist renown for his Painting, drawing, watercolor, printmaking. His highly individual style was influenced by movements in art that included Expressionism, Cubism, and Surrealism. Klee was a natural draftsman who did not shy from experimenting deeply exploring the color theory. His lectures Writings on Form and Design Theory were published in English as the Paul Klee Notebooks, and are held to be as important for modern art as Leonardo da Vinci’s A Treatise on Painting for the Renaissance. He worked alongside his colleague, Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky. They both taught at the Bauhaus school of art, design, and architecture. His works reflect his dry humor and his sometimes childlike perspective, his moods and beliefs, and his musicality.
Paul Klee  Born He was born on 18th December 1879, in Münchenbuchsee near Bern, Switzerland
Paul Klee Died He died on 29th June 1940 (aged 60) in Muralto, Switzerland
Paul Klee Cause of Death Scleroderma
Paul Klee Wife Lily Stumpf (m. 1906–1940)
Paul Klee Children Felix Paul
Paul Klee Nationality German
Paul Klee Education Academy of Fine Arts, Munich
Paul Klee Known for Painting, drawing, watercolor, printmaking
Paul Klee Notable work
More than 10,000 paintings, drawings, and etchings, including Twittering Machine(1922), Fish Magic (1925), Viaducts Break Ranks (1937).
Paul Klee Movement Expressionism, Bauhaus, Surrealism
Paul Klee Google Doodle On 18th December 2018, Google Honours Paul Klee with a Doodle on what would have been his 139th Birthday.

Paul Klee Early Life and Education

Paul Klee was born in Munchenbuchsee, Switzerland. His parents were German music teacher Hans Wilhelm Klee (1849–1940) and Swiss singer Ida Marie Klee, née Frick (1855–1921). His elder sister Mathilde (died 6 December 1953) was born on 28 January 1876 in Walzenhausen. Klee’s father hailed from Tann. He studied singing, piano, organ, and violin at the Stuttgart Conservatory, meeting there his future wife, Ida Frick. Hans Wilhelm Klee was active as a music teacher at the Bern State Seminary in Hofwil near Bern until 1931. Klee was forced to follow through his father’s footsteps as he developed his music skills through encouragement and inspiration from his parents. In 1880, his family moved to Bern, where they eventually, in 1897, after some changes of residence, moved into their own house in the Kirchenfeld district. As From 1886 to 1890, Klee undertook his primary education and received, at the age of 7, violin classes at the Municipal Music School. He was so talented on violin that, aged 11, he accepted an invitation to play as an extraordinary member of the Bern Music Association.

At a young age, Klee focused on becoming a musician as his parents expected; but later on decided on the visual arts during his teen years, partly out of rebellion and partly because of a belief that modern music lacked meaning for him. As a musician, he played and felt emotionally bound to traditional works of the eighteenth and nineteenth century, but as an artist, he craved the freedom to explore radical ideas and styles. At the age of sixteen, Klee’s landscape drawings already show considerable skill.

Around 1897, Klee started his diary, which he kept until 1918, and which has provided scholars with valuable insight into his life and thinking. While studying, he avidly drew in his school books, in particular, drawing caricatures, and already demonstrating skill with line and volume.

In 1898, with his parents’ reluctant permission, Klee began studying art at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich with Heinrich Knirr and Franz von Stuck. He excelled at drawing but seemed to lack any natural color sense. During his teenage time, Klee spent much time in pubs and had affairs with lower class women and artists’ models. He had an illegitimate son in 1900 who died several weeks after birth.

Klee went to Italy from October 1901 to May 1902 with friend Hermann Haller after receiving his Fine Arts degree. They stayed in Rome, Florence, and Naples, and studied the master painters of past centuries. He returned to Bern, where he lived with his parents for several years, and took occasional art classes. By 1905, he was developing some experimental techniques, including drawing with a needle on a blackened pane of glass, resulting in fifty-seven works including his Portrait of My Father (1906). In the years 1903-5 he also completed a cycle of eleven zinc-plate etchings called Inventions, his first exhibited works, in which he illustrated several grotesque characters.

Paul Klee Wife, Children

Klee married Bavarian pianist Lily Stumpf in 1906, and they had one son named Felix Paul in the following year. They resided in a suburb of Munich. While his wife gave piano lessons and occasional performances, he kept house and tended to his artwork. His attempt to be a magazine illustrator failed. Klee’s artwork progressed slowly for the next five years, partly from having to divide his time with domestic matters, and somewhat as he tried to find a new approach to his art. In 1910, he had his first solo exhibition in Bern, which then traveled to three Swiss cities.

Paul Klee Military Career

When the World War I began on 28th July 1914, Klee at first was somewhat detached from it, as he wrote ironically, “I have long had this war in me. That is why, inwardly, it is none of my concern.” Klee was conscripted as a Landsturmsoldat (soldier of the reserve forces in Prussia or Imperial Germany) on 5th March 1916. The deaths of his friends August Macke and Franz Marc in battle began to affect him. Venting his distress, he created several pen and ink lithographs on war themes including Death for the Idea (1915). After completing the military training course, which began on 11th March 1916, he was committed as a soldier behind the front. Klee moved on 20 August to the aircraft maintenance company in Oberschleissheim, executing skilled manual work, such as restoring aircraft camouflage, and accompanying aircraft transports. On 17th January 1917, he was transferred to the Royal Bavarian flying school in Gersthofen (which 54 years later became the USASA Field Station Augsburg) to work as a clerk for the treasurer until the end of the war. This allowed him to stay in a small room outside of the barrack block and continue painting.

Paul Klee Teaching and Painting Career

Klee taught at the Bauhaus from January 1921 to April 1931. He was also a member of Die Blaue Vier (The Blue Four), with Kandinsky, Lyonel Feininger, and Alexej von Jawlensky. The membership club was formed in 1923, they lectured and exhibited together in the USA in 1925. That same year, Klee had his first exhibits in Paris, and he became a hit with the French Surrealists. Klee toured Egypt in 1928, which impressed him less than Tunisia. In 1929, the first major monograph on Klee’s work was published, written by Will Grohmann.

Klee also taught at the Düsseldorf Academy from 1931 to 1933 and was singled out by a Nazi newspaper, “Then that great fellow Klee comes onto the scene, already famed as a Bauhaus teacher in Dessau. He tells everyone he’s a registered Arab, but he’s a typical Galician Jew.” His home was searched by the Gestapo, and he was fired from his job. His self-portrait Struck from the List (1933) commemorates the sad occasion. From 1933 to 1934, Klee had shows in London and Paris, and finally met Pablo Picasso, whom he greatly admired. The Klee family emigrated to Switzerland in late 1933.

Paul Klee Google Doodle

On 18th December 2018, Google Honours Paul Klee with a Doodle on what would have been his 139th Birthday. The Doodle reflects on his Influence by movements such as cubism, surrealism, and expressionism, and his exploration of numerous styles to develop his approach to art-making—both rigorous and childlike—which defies categorization.

Paul Klee Google Doodle
Paul Klee Google Doodle

Paul Klee Death and Cause

Klee suffered from a wasting disease, scleroderma, toward the end of his life, enduring the pain that he reflected in his last works of art. One of his last paintings, Death, and Fire, features a skull in the center with the German word for death, “Tod,” appearing in the face. Klee died on 29 June 1940 in Muralto, Locarno, Switzerland. As the time of his, he had not obtained Swiss citizenship, despite being born in the country. His artwork was considered too revolutionary, even degenerate, by the Swiss authorities, but eventually, they accepted his request six days after his death. His legacy comprises about 9,000 works of art. The words on his tombstone, Klee’s credo, placed there by his son Felix, say, “I cannot be grasped in the here and now, For my dwelling place is as much among the dead, As the yet unborn, Slightly closer to the heart of creation than usual, But still not close enough.” He was buried at Schosshaldenfriedhof, Bern, Switzerland.

Paul Klee Artworks / Paintings


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