Ismat Chughtai Bio
|Ismat Chughtai was born on 21 August 1915 in Uttar Pradesh, India and died on 24 October 1991. She was an Indian Urdu language writer. In the 1930s, she wrote on themes like female sexuality and femininity, middle-class gentility, and class conflict, often from a Marxist perspective. With style characterized by literary realism, Chughtai established herself as a significant voice in the Urdu literature of the twentieth century, and in 1976 was awarded the Padma Shri by the Government of India.|
|Born||21 August 1915 in Badayun, British India (now in Uttar Pradesh, India)|
|Died||24 October 1991 (aged 76) in Mumbai, India|
|Cause of Death||Natural Cause|
|Husband||Shaheed Latif (1941–1967) (his death)|
|Parents||Nusrat Khanam and Mirza Qaseem Baig Chughtai|
|Siblings||Mirza Azeem Beg Chughtai, They were a family of 10, six brothers, three sisters|
|Education||Aligarh Muslim University|
|Genre||Short stories, novel|
|Literary movement||Progressive Writers Movement|
|Notable works||Works of Ismat Chughtai|
|Notable awards||Padma Shri (1976)
Ghalib Award (1984)
|Google Doodle||On 21 August 2018, Google celebrated Ismat Chughtai, with a Doodle on What would have been her 107th Birthday.|
Ismat Chughtai Biography
Ismat Chughtai was born on 21 August 1915 in Badayun, Uttar Pradesh to his parents Nusrat Khanam and Mirza Qaseem Baig Chughtai. She was ninth of ten children–six brothers, four sisters. The family shifted homes frequently as Chughtai’s father was a civil servant; she spent her childhood in cities including Jodhpur, Agra, and Aligarh, mostly in the company of her brothers as her sisters had gotten married while she was still very young. Chughtai credits her brothers as an important factor which influenced her personality in her formative years. She thought of her second-eldest brother, Mirza Azeem Beg Chughtai, a novelist, as a mentor. The family eventually settled in Agra, after Chughtai’s father retired from the Indian Civil Services.
Chughtai attained education from the Women’s College, Aligarh Muslim University and graduated from Isabella Thoburn College with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1940. She completed her Bachelor of Education degree from the Aligarh Muslim University the following year. While undertaking her Bachelors her education, Chughtai became associated with the Progressive Writers’ Association, having attended her first meeting in 1936 where she met Rashid Jahan, one of the leading women writers involved with the movement, who was later credited for inspiring Chughtai to write “realistic, challenging female characters.” Chughtai began writing in private around the same time but did not seek publication for her work until much later.
Ismat Chughtai Family
Chughtai was married to Shaheed Latif in 1941 until he died in 1967. They had two children, Seema Sawhny
Ismat Chughtai Influences and writing style
Chughtai was a liberal Muslim whose daughter, nephew & niece were married to Hindus. According to her own words, Chughtai came from a family of “Hindus, Muslims, and Christians who all live peacefully”. She said she read not only the Qur’an but also the Gita and the Bible with openness.
Chughtai’s short stories reflect the cultural legacy of the region in which she lived. The ideology is especially notable in her story “Sacred Duty,” where she deals with social pressures in India, alluding to specific national, religious and cultural traditions.
In Chughtai’s formative years, Nazar Sajjad Hyder had established herself an independent feminist voice, and the short stories of two very different women, Hijab Imtiaz Ali and Rashid Jehan, were also a significant early influence.
Many of her writings, including Angarey and Lihaaf, were banned in South Asia because their reformist and feminist content offended conservatives (for example, her view that the Niqab, the veil worn by women in Muslim societies, should be discouraged for Muslim women because it is oppressive and feudal). Many of her books have been banned at various times.
Ismat Chughtai Google Doodle
On 21 August 2018, Google celebrated Ismat Chughtai, with a Doodle on What would have been her 107th Birthday.
Ismat Chughtai Movies
|1948||Shikayat شکایت||–||Dialogue writer|
|1953||Fareb فریب||–||Also co-director|
|1958||Sone Ki Chidiya سونے کی چڑیا||–||Also producer|
|1958||Lala Rukh لالہ رُخ||–||Also co-director and producer|
|1966||Baharen Phir Bhi Ayengi بہاریں پھر بھی آئیں گی||–|
|1973||Garam Hawa گرم ھوا||–||Filmfare Best Story Award (shared with Kaifi Azmi)|
|1978||Junoon جنون||Miriam Labadoor||Cameo appearance|
Ismat Chughtai Awards and Honours
|1974||Terhi Lakeer||Ghalib Award||Best Urdu Drama||Won|
|1975||Garam Hawa||Filmfare Award||Best Story||Won|
|–||Government of India State Award||–||Won|
|1976||–||Indian civilian awards||Padma Shri||Won|
|1979||–||Andhra Pradesh Urdu Akademi Award||Makhdoom Literary Award||Won|
|1982||–||Soviet Land Nehru Award||–||Won|
|1990||–||Rajasthan Urdu Akademi||Iqbal Samman||Won|