Maria Walanda Maramis Wiki
Maria Walanda Maramis Bio
|Maria Josephine Catherine Maramis was born on 1st December 1872 and died 22nd April 1924. She is more commonly known as Maria Walanda Maramis, is recognized as a National Hero of Indonesia for her efforts to advance women’s rights and conditions in Indonesia at the beginning of the 20th century.|
|Maria Walanda Maramis Birth||
She was born on 1st December 1872 in Kema, North Sulawesi, Dutch East Indies
|Maria Walanda Maramis Died||She died on 22nd April 1924 (aged 51) in Maumbi, North Sulawesi, Dutch East Indies|
|Maria Walanda Maramis Other names||Maria Walanda Maramis|
|Maria Walanda Maramis Husband||Joseph Frederick Caselung Walanda|
|Maria Walanda Maramis Parent(s)||Bernardus Maramis
|Maria Walanda Maramis Google Doodle||On 1st December 2018, Google Dedicates a Doodle to Maria Walanda Maramis on her 146th Birthday Anniversary|
Maria Walanda Maramis Early life
Maria was born in Kema, a small town in the province of North Sulawesi. Her parents were Maramis and Sarah Rotinsulu both of whom were Christians. She was the last born of three children with a sister by the name of Antje and brother by the name of Andries. Andries Maramis was the father of Alexander Andries Maramis who later became involved in the independence of Indonesia and held ministerial and ambassadorship positions in the Indonesian government.
Maramis became an orphan at a tender age of six when her both her parents died within a short period. Maramis’ uncle, Rotinsulu, took the children to Maumbi where he was the District Chief (Indonesian: Hukum Besar) and raised them after the death of their parents. Maria and her sister went to school at Malay (Indonesian: Sekolah Melayu). The name comes from the fact that the language used in the school was Malay language or an early term for the Indonesian language. The school taught basic knowledge, such as how to read and write, and some science and history. The schooling would be the only formal education Maramis and her sister received as girls were expected to get married and become homemakers.
Maria Walanda Maramis PIKAT
Maramis started writing op-eds in a local newspaper called Tjahaja Siang after moving to Manado. In these articles, she argued the importance of the role of mothers in the family unit. She stressed that the care and health of the family were the responsibility of the mother. A child’s early education also came from the mother.
Maramis with the help of a few others established an organization called “The Love of a Mother toward her Children” (Indonesian: Percintaan Ibu Kepada Anak Turunannya (PIKAT)) on 8th July 1917 after realizing the need to equip young women for their roles as caretakers of their families. The purpose of this organization was to teach women with elementary school level education family matters, such as cooking, sewing, infant care, and hand-crafting.
Through the leadership of Maramis, PIKAT grew with the addition of branches around Minahasa, such as in Maumbi, Tondano, and Motoling. Branches in Java were also organized by local women in Batavia, Bogor, Bandung, Cimahi, Magelang, and Surabaya. On 2nd June 1918, PIKAT opened a school in Manado.
Maria Walanda Maramis Death and Cause
Maramis continued to be active in PIKAT until her death on 22nd April 1924 aged 51. The cause of death was not disclosed. Maramis was named a national hero (Indonesian: Pahlawan Pergerakan Nasional) by the government of Indonesia on 20th May 1969 in honor her contributions to the advancement of women in Indonesia.
Maria Walanda Maramis Voting rights of women in Minahasa
A regional representative body for Minahasa (Dutch: Minahasa Raad) was established in 1919. Its members were originally selected, but elections were planned to pick subsequent members through popular vote. Only men had the opportunity to become representatives, but Maramis championed the rights of women to cast votes to choose these representatives. Her efforts reached Batavia (now known as [Jakarta]; then called Betawi in Indonesian), and in 1921 the Dutch allowed the participation of women in the elections of representatives for the Minahasa Raad.
Maria Walanda Maramis Husband and Children
Maramis married Joseph Frederick Caselung Walanda, a language teacher in 1890. After her marriage with Walanda, she acquired the name Maria Walanda Maramis which she was popularly used to refer her. They had three children. Two of the children were sent to a teacher’s school in Betawi (Jakarta). Anna Matuli Walanda went on to become a teacher and also participated in PIKAT.
Maria Walanda Maramis Google Doodle
On 1st December 2018, Google Dedicates a Doodle to Maria Walanda Maramis on her 146th Birthday Anniversary for being a National Hero of Indonesia who fought tirelessly for the advancement of women in her home country at the beginning of the 20th century.