Change Management Philosophies and Models, The contingency perspective and The Political Philosophy

Business change is one of the significant characteristics of the current competitive marketplace. Any business organization undergo some significant level of change at some point, with the aim of remaining or positioning itself as one of the market giants in the industry. The process involves major adjustments and improvements in the organization’s ways of operating. However, managing a great business change is usually a very difficult and intellectually demanding process.

For instance, it is important for any organization that is considering a business change to plan ahead. A good plan should give the firm a valid and clear reason why change is necessary and how it should be achieved. There is no reason for undertaking a change that will cost the firm more revenue than it will benefit it. After planning and determining that there surely exist a problem that could be solved by adopting the change, it is important to communicate the intended change to all stakeholders in order to motivate them and prepare them for the incoming change in advance. Training staffs on how to function well with the new business change are essential.

Another critical factor that determines if a business change would be successful or not is if it was properly evaluated. It is imperative for the executive to continuously assess the change program, through the various process such as analysing how the organization is reacting to the change program. The analysis could be achieved by asking for feedback from employees and making use of the information to amend all the required changes on the original goal in order to make the final business change better and more effective. The organization should choose any evaluation tool that works best for it with regards to the goal of the intended business change. Most unsuccessful business changes fail because they are not well evaluated.

Change management philosophies and models

Change management philosophies and models are expressions explaining the mechanisms through which change is brought about by a firm or a company. The two terms represent organized set of premises, assumptions and beliefs regarding the way business change work in firms. Philosophies give a theoretical and metaphoric explanation of all methods of business change.

The contingency perspective

The philosophy come about with the assumption that most companies performance is as a result of the fit between two factors or more. For example, organization’s strategy, structures, kind of technology, culture or style. The theory explains that after sometime executives of firms in competitive industries are forced to make changes in the way they do their day to day activities. The main goal of the changes is to be consistent with the current efficiency demands. The philosophy has no formulae. Its main focus is on making changes that ensure that the organization is in control and stable. The philosophy is highly flexible and specific thus touches every area of the business. The specificity aspect enables managers to make decisions on the most relevant specific areas of business by enabling managers to focus on the most affected business unit. However, the theory has one major disadvantage: It is very difficult to predict the right fit for most businesses.

The Political Philosophy

The Philosophy originates from the work of Hegel and Marx. The theory state that change is caused by the clashing of ideology through several movements. Influence and power, consciousness-raising, bargaining and persuasion. The theory explains that conflict is the most fundamental driver of change. For instance, when two or more political powers clash and one of the group gains power over the other, they challenge the status quo shifting the firm way of doing the thing to their own belief.

The philosophy view organization as a political power that employs specific systems of regulations where every power struggle to make the system work to its benefit. Alliances and coalitions are formed for groups to work together in order to increase chances of controlling the system. As such, change is as a result of the transfer of power from one alliance to another. Conflict is the heart of the political model because every political coalition has a unique competitive agenda trying to outsmart other agendas belonging to other political coalition thus giving rise to conflicts. The main disadvantage of the philosophy is that it tends to be insensitive to the effects of external and environmental factors which has significant effects on the activities of an organization.


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