Alexander Borodin Wiki
Alexander Borodin Bio
|Alexander Porfiryevich Borodin was born on 12th November 1833 and died on 27th February 1887. He was a Russian Romantic composer of Georgian-Russian origin who was a doctor and chemist by profession and made significant early contributions to the field of organic chemistry. Although Borodin is better known today as a composer, during his lifetime, he regarded medicine and science as his primary occupations, only pursuing music and composition in his spare time or when he was ill. He was one of the prominent musicians of the 19th-century under The Mighty Handful, a group dedicated to producing a uniquely Russian kind of classical music, rather than imitating earlier Western European models.|
|Alexander Borodin Birthday||He was born on 12 November 1833 in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire|
|Alexander Borodin Death and Cause||He died on 27 February 1887 (aged 53) in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire from a Heart Attack|
|Alexander Borodin Occupation||Composer and chemist|
|Alexander Borodin Wife||Ekaterina Sergeyevna Borodin (m. 1863–1887)|
|Alexander Borodin Children||Liza Balaneva|
|Alexander Borodin Google Doodle||On 12th November 2018, Google dedicated a doodle to Alexander Borodin on his 185th Birthday Anniversary for creating a powerful legacy in two different fields (a distinguished chemist and one of Russia’s greatest classical composers).|
Alexander Borodin Family and education
Borodin was born in Saint Petersburg as an illegitimate son of a 62-year-old Georgian prince, Luka Stepanovich Gedevanishvili, and a married 25-year-old Russian woman, Evdokia Konstantinovna Antonova. The circumstances of Alexander’s birth forced the nobleman to have him registered as the son of one of his Russian serfs, Porfiry Borodin, hence the composer’s Russian last name. As a result of this registration, both Alexander and his nominal Russian father Porfiry were officially serfs of Alexander’s biological father, Luka. The Georgian father emancipated Alexander from serfdom when he was 7 and provided housing and money for him and his mother. In spite of this, Alexander was never publicly recognized by his mother, who stayed close but was referred to by young Borodin as his “aunt”.
Borodin was well provided for by his Georgian father and grew up in a sizeable four-storey house despite his status as a commoner, which was gifted to Alexander and his “aunt” by the nobleman. Although his registration prevented enrollment in a proper gymnasium, Borodin received proper education in all of the subjects through private tutors at home. In 1850 he entered the Medical-Surgical Academy in Saint Petersburg, which was later home to Ivan Pavlov, and pursued a career in chemistry. On graduation, he spent a year as a surgeon in a military hospital, followed by three years of advanced scientific study in western Europe.
In 1862 Borodin returned to Saint Petersburg to take up an academic chair in chemistry at the Imperial Medical-Surgical Academy. He also began taking lessons in composition from Mily Balakirev in 1862. Borodin spent the remainder of his scientific career in research, lecturing and overseeing the education of others. Eventually, he established medical courses for women (1872). Music remained a secondary vocation for Borodin outside his primary career as a chemist and physician.
Alexander Borodin Wife and Daughter
He married Ekaterina Protopopova, a pianist, in 1863, and had one daughter, named Liza Balaneva.
Alexander Borodin Death and Cause
Alexander Borodin suffered poor health, having overcome cholera and several minor heart attacks. He died on 27 February 1887 (aged 53) from a Heart attack during a ball at the Academy and was interred in Tikhvin Cemetery at the Alexander Nevsky Monastery in Saint Petersburg.
Alexander Borodin Google Doodle
On 12th November 2018, Google dedicated a doodle to Alexander Borodin on his 185th Birthday Anniversary for creating a powerful legacy in two different fields (a distinguished chemist and one of Russia’s greatest classical composers).
Alexander Borodin Legacy
Borodin is best known for his symphonies, his two string quartets, the tone poem In the Steppes of Central Asia and his opera Prince Igor. Music from Prince Igor and his string quartets was later adapted for the US musical Kismet. He was a notable advocate of women’s rights, and a promoter of education in Russia and founded the School of Medicine for Women in Saint Petersburg.
As a chemist, he is best known for his work in organic synthesis, including being among the first chemists to demonstrate nucleophilic substitution, as well as being the co-discoverer of the aldol reaction.