Lyudmila Rudenko Bio, Biography
|Lyudmila Vladimirovna Rudenko was born on 27 July 1904 and died on 4 March 1986. She was a Soviet chess player and the second women’s world chess champion, from 1950 until 1953. She was awarded the FIDE titles of International Master (IM) and Woman International Master (WIM) in 1950, and Woman Grandmaster (WGM) in 1976. She was the first woman awarded the International Master title. Rudenko was also USSR women’s champion in 1952.|
|Full name||Lyudmila Vladimirovna Rudenko|
|Spouse||Lev Davidovich Goldstein|
|Born||July 27, 1904 in Lubny, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (present-day Ukraine)|
|Died||March 4, 1986 (aged 81) Leningrad, Russia|
|Title||International Master (1950)
Woman Grandmaster (1976)
|Women’s World Champion||1950–53|
|Google Doodle||On 27 July 2018, Google doodle honoured the chess player and world champion on what would have been her 114th birthday|
Lyudmila Rudenko Early life and swimming career
Born in Lubny, in the Poltava district of Ukraine, then part of the Russian Empire, she was taught by her dad how to play chess at age 10, although at first, she was more serious about swimming. After grammar school, she moved to Odessa and took a degree in Economics. Rudenko became the swimming champion of Odessa in the 400 m breaststroke. In 1925, she was swimming vice-champion of Ukraine (breaststroke). Her professional career would be as an Economic planner for the Soviet Union, and chess would remain a hobby.
Lyudmila Rudenko Chess career
Rudenko started playing tournament chess in 1925 after a move to Moscow. In 1928, she won the Moscow women’s’ title. She then moved to Leningrad, where she met and married scientist Lev Davidovich Goldstein; in 1931 they had a child. In 1929, while In Leningrad, she began training with chess ace Peter Romanovsky. She won the Leningrad ladies’ title three times. She would not achieve the pinnacle of worldwide ladies’ chess until she was around 40 years of age.
Lyudmila Rudenko Evacuated Children from the Siege of Leningrad
In World War II, Rudenko organized a train to evacuate children from the Siege of Leningrad. She would describe this as the most important thing she had accomplished in her life.
Lyudmila Rudenko Death and Cause
In the winter of 1949– 1950 the World Chess Federation FIDE held a competition in Moscow to decide the new women’s’ champion after the death of Vera Menchik, in 1944. Sixteen ladies from twelve nations contended, with the four Soviet players taking the best four spots. Rudenko won (scoring nine wins, one loss, and five draws). She held the Women’s World Championship title until losing it to Elisaveta Bykova in 1953 in the next championship cycle. She lost to Bykova by the score of 6–8 (five wins, seven losses, and two draws). After the war, Rudenko’s chess trainers were Alexander Tolush and Grigory Levenfish.