Jamal Khashoggi Biography
Jamal Khashoggi Bio
|Jamal Ahmad Khashoggi was born on 13th October 1958. He is a missing Saudi journalist and Washington Post columnist, author and the former general manager and editor-in-chief of Al Arab News Channel. Khashoggi also served as editor for Saudi newspaper Al Watan, turning it into a platform for Saudi progressives.
Khashoggi fled Saudi Arabia in September 2017 and has since written newspaper articles critical of the Saudi government. Khashoggi is a high-profile critic of Saudi Arabia’s powerful Crown Prince, Mohammad bin Salman and its King, Salman of Saudi Arabia. He has also criticized Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen. He is currently missing, and allegations have been made that he was murdered and dismembered inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey sometime during or after 2 October 2018.
|Jamal Khashoggi Age||He was born on 13th October 1958 (aged 59) in Medina, Saudi Arabia|
|Jamal Khashoggi Disappeared||He was murdered on 2 October 2018 after going missing in Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey|
|Jamal Khashoggi Dead||Saudi Arabia Government confirmed that he died after an altercation in Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey|
|Jamal Khashoggi Fiancée||Hatice Cengiz|
|Jamal Khashoggi Residence||United States|
|Alma mater||Indiana State University|
|Occupation||Journalist, columnist, author, editor-in-chief|
Jamal Khashoggi Early life and education
Khashoggi was born in Medina in 1958. He went to elementary and secondary school in Saudi Arabia. He obtained a bachelor’s degree in business administration from Indiana State University in 1982.
Jamal Khashoggi Career Highlights
- 1983 – 1984 He began his career as a regional manager for Tihama Bookstores. Khashoggi later worked as a correspondent for the Saudi Gazette and an assistant manager for Okaz from 1985 to 1987.
Continued his career as a reporter for various daily and weekly Arab newspapers from 1987 to 1990, including Al Sharq Al Awsat, Al Majalla, and Al Muslimoon.
- He became managing editor, and acting editor-in-chief of Al Madina in 1991 and his term lasted until 1999.
- 1991 to 1999, He was a foreign correspondent in such countries as Afghanistan, Algeria, Kuwait, Sudan and in the Middle East.
- Khashoggi became the editor-in-chief of Al Watan for a short period, less than two months, in 2003. His tenure as editor-in-chief lasted just for 52 days. He was fired in May 2003 by the Saudi ministry of information after several commentaries published in the paper about the potent influence of the religious establishment in Saudi Arabia.
- He went to London in voluntary exile. While in London, he joined the Al Faisal’s team as an adviser. He, later on, served as a media aide to Prince Turki Al Faisal, while the latter was Saudi Arabia’s ambassador to the United States.
- In April 2007, Khashoggi began to work as editor-in-chief in Al Watan for the second time. A column by poet Ibrahim al-Almaee challenging the basic Salafi premises was published in Al Watan in May 2010. Then, Khashoggi had to resign again on 17 May 2010. It was initially announced that Khashoggi resigned as editor-in-chief “to focus on his projects.” However, it is thought that he was forced to resign due to official displeasure with articles published in the paper that were critical of the Kingdom’s harsh Islamic rules.
- After his second resignation from Al Watan in 2010, Khashoggi was appointed by Al-Waleed bin Talal as director of the Al Arab News Channel in Bahrain. He is also a political commentator for Saudi and international channels, including MBC, BBC, Al Jazeera, and Dubai TV.
- In December 2016, The Independent, citing a report from Middle East Eye, said Saudi Arabian authorities had banned Khashoggi from publishing or appearing on television “for criticizing US President-elect Donald Trump.”
- Khashoggi also criticized Saudi-led blockade against Qatar, Saudi Arabia’s diplomatic dispute with Canada and the Kingdom’s crackdown on dissent and media.
Jamal Khashoggi Interviews with Osama bin Laden
Khashoggi had followed Osama bin Laden’s career since the 1980s and had interviewed him several times. Khashoggi knew bin Laden during his formative years as a radical Islamist and interviewed him in Afghanistan in 1987 during the fight against Soviet troops and pro-Soviet regime. He also met bin Laden in Tora Bora and lastly in Sudan in 1995. It is reported that Khashoggi once tried to persuade bin Laden to quit violence.
The Disappearance of Jamal Khashoggi
On 2 October, Khashoggi entered Saudi Arabia’s consulate in Istanbul to obtain a document he needed to get married, while his fiancée waited outside. As he did not leave, his fiancée reported him missing when the consulate closed. The Saudi government claimed that he had left the consulate via a back entrance, the Turkish government said he was still inside, and his fiancée and friends said he was still missing.
According to numerous anonymous police sources, the Turkish police believe that Khashoggi was brutally tortured and later killed inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul by a 15-member team brought in from Saudi Arabia for the operation. An anonymous police source claimed that the dead body was chopped to pieces and quietly moved out of the consulate and all of this was “videotaped to prove the mission had been accomplished and the tape was taken out of the country”.
Turkish authorities have claimed that security camera footage was removed from the Saudi consulate in Istanbul and that Turkish staff were abruptly told to take a holiday on the day Khashoggi disappeared while inside the building.
On 7th October 2018, Turkish officials pledged to release evidence Khashoggi was killed, some of which was later published by The Washington Post. However, officials who had at first offered glimpses into the investigation went silent for a week. Yasin Aktay, an adviser to the Turkish president, initially said he believed Khashoggi had been killed in the consulate, on 10 October he claimed “the Saudi state is not blamed here”, something the Guardian journalist sees as Turkey trying not to harm lucrative trade ties and a delicate regional relationship with Saudi Arabia. Turkey then claimed to have direct audio and video evidence of the killing occurring inside the consulate.
On 10 October, al-Waqt news quoted informed sources as saying that Mohammad bin Salman had assigned Ahmad Asiri, the deputy head of the Al-Mukhabarat Al-A’amah and the former spokesman for the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen, with the mission to execute Jamal Khashoggi inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. Another military officer with lots of experience in dealing with dissidents was the second candidate for the mission.
According to numerous anonymous police sources, the Turkish police believe that Khashoggi was tortured and killed inside the Saudi Arabian consulate in Istanbul by a 15-member team brought in from Saudi Arabia for the operation. One anonymous police source claimed that the dead body was chopped to pieces and quietly moved out of the consulate, and all of this was “videotaped to prove the mission had been accomplished and the tape was taken out of the country.”
Saudi Arabia Confirms that Jamal Khashoggi was killed in Saudi consulate in Istanbul, Turkey
Saudi Arabia on Saturday 20th October 2018 admitted that Jamal Khashoggi was killed inside its consulate in Istanbul, more than two weeks after his disappearance tipped the kingdom into one of its worst international crises.
The kingdom also sacked deputy intelligence chief Ahmad al-Assiri and royal court media advisor Saud al-Qahtani, both top aides to Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman who has faced mounting pressure over the Khashoggi affair.
The admission statted that Khashoggi died at the hands of Saudi officials after weeks of vehement denials by the Gulf kingdom comes after President Donald Trump said that the United States, which is Saudi Arabia’s biggest backer, could impose sanctions if it was proved the journalist was killed.
Saudi Attorney General Sheikh Saud al-Mojeb said Khashoggi died after “discussions” at the consulate devolved into an altercation, without disclosing any details on the whereabouts of his body.
“Preliminary investigations… revealed that the discussions that took place between him and the persons who met him… at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul led to a brawl and a fist fight with the citizen, Jamal Khashoggi, which led to his death, may his soul rest in peace,” the attorney general said in a statement.
Jamal Khashoggi Reactions
Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman claimed Khashoggi left the consulate shortly after the visit. The English language Arab News on 10 October 2018 reported that the Saudi Ambassador to the U.S. “condemns ‘malicious leaks and grim rumors’ surrounding Khashoggi disappearance” and that “the reports that suggest that Jamal Khashoggi went missing in the Consulate in Istanbul or that the Kingdom’s authorities have detained him or killed him are absolutely false and baseless”.
Turkish president Erdoğan demanded that Saudi government provide proof for their claims that Khashoggi left the consulate alive, something that Turkish police CCTV didn’t capture.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo called on Saudi Arabia “to support a thorough investigation of Mr. Khashoggi’s disappearance and to be transparent about the results of that investigation.”
President Trump expressed concern about the fate of Khashoggi. U.S. Senator Chris Murphy wrote that if the reports of Khashoggi’s murder are true, “it should represent a fundamental break” in Saudi Arabia–United States relations. U.S. Senator Rand Paul said that he would attempt to force a vote on blocking the future U.S. arms sales to Saudi Arabia.
According to the BBC, “Turkey would hope for backing from its NATO ally, the U.S. But Saudi Arabia has arguably become Donald Trump’s closest ally in the Middle East – and Washington may be reluctant to weigh in against Riyadh at this stage.”
Jamal Khashoggi Fiancée (Hatice Cengiz)
Khashoggi was in Saudi Arabia’s consulate in Istanbul to obtain a document he needed to get married, while his fiancée ( Hatice Cengiz) waited outside. Cengiz said she waited outside for 11 hours, but he did not come out.
On the day of her disappearance, She said Khashoggi was required to surrender his mobile phone, which is standard practice in some diplomatic missions. He told her to call an adviser to Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan if he did not return.
“Jamal is not dead. I cannot believe that he has been killed…!” Ms. Cengiz wrote in a Twitter post that included a photo of Khashoggi. She added that she was waiting for official confirmation as the allegations circulated.
— Hatice Cengiz / خديجة (@mercan_resifi) October 6, 2018