Humans have expressed concern about death throughout history. Even in the contemporary world, death is a significant transition in the lives of humans. In the text, several elements indicate widely shared concerns regarding death. Evidence on the existence of Neanderthal species nearly 200,000 years ago reveals there were burial rituals. The existence of Neanderthal species implies humans were aware of about death and sought to give the departed among them a decent send-off. Death was deeply connected to religion, an issue that is evident today. Rituals were performed during the Paleolithic period to reduce the fear of death. Performance of rituals is similar to practices in the modern world. Presently, believers go to church or mosques to pray and conduct in acts of kindness in an attempt to reduce the fear of death. It implies death was a challenging transition even hundreds of thousands of years ago. Specific cultures varied widely regarding rituals and death because of differences in beliefs about death and religion that developed over time.
River Valley Civilizations
The river-valley civilizations had various factors that render them similar. One of the factors was class divisions. They practiced diverse forms of religion, which was common with many civilizations. They both engaged in economic activities. Both had laws that governed their actions in the society. One of the critical differences among the river valley civilizations was the location. Their locations were in different parts of the world. They also had different achievements. For instance, Mesopotamia invented the wagon wheel while Harappa came up with the concept of zero.
How Nomadic Societies Differ From Civilizations
Nomadic societies differed from other civilization with regards to economic activities. They were mainly pastoralists while other civilizations engaged in agriculture and trade. Nomadic societies were also smaller compared to other civilizations. A herding economy might be preferred over agriculture when climatic conditions are too unfavorable to sustain crop production. Nomadic people linked civilizations through trade. Because of their constant movements, they were aware of trade routes.