Edith Cavell Wiki
Edith Cavell Bio
|Edith Louisa Cavell was born on 4th December 1865 and died on 12th October 1915. She was a British nurse. She is celebrated for saving the lives of soldiers from both sides without discrimination and in helping some 200 Allied soldiers escape from German-occupied Belgium during the First World War ( running from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918), for which she was arrested. Edith Cavell was accused of treason, found guilty by a German court-martial and sentenced to death. Despite international pressure for mercy, she was shot by a German firing squad. Her execution received worldwide condemnation and extensive press coverage.|
|Edith Cavell Birthday||4 December 1865 Swardeston, Norfolk, England|
|Edith Cavell Died||12 October 1915 (aged 49) Tir national (National Shooting Range), Schaerbeek, Brussels, Belgium|
|Edith Cavell Cause of Death||Execution by firing squad|
|Edith Cavell Buried||Norwich Cathedral, Norwich, United Kingdom|
|Edith Cavell Siblings||Florence Mary Cavell, John Frederick Scott, Mary Lilian Cavell|
|Edith Cavell Parents||Reverend Frederick Cavell (father) and Louisa Sophia (mother)|
|Edith Cavell Books||Edith Cavell’s Short Story from “Heroes Among Us”|
|Edith Cavell Movies||Nurse Edith Cavell (1939)|
|Edith Cavell Venerated in||Church of England|
|Feast||12 October (Anglican memorial day)|
|Edith Cavell Google Doodle||On 4th December 2018, Google celebrates Edith Cavell, a British nurse who risked her life to help hundreds of British and French soldiers escape from occupied Belgium during World War I with a Doodle.|
Edith Cavell Early Life and Career
Cavell was born in Swardeston, a village near Norwich, where her father was vicar for 45 years. She was the firstborn of the four children of the Reverend Frederick Cavell and his wife, Louisa Sophia. The other siblings were Florence Mary Cavell, John Frederick Scott, and Mary Lilian Cavell.
Cavell went to school at Norwich High School for Girls, then boarding schools in Clevedon, Somerset, and Peterborough (Laurel Court).
After a period as a governess, including for a family in Brussels 1890–1895, she returned home to care for her father during a serious illness. The experience led her to pursue a nursing career after her father’s recovery. When she was 30, in April 1896, Cavell applied to become a nurse probationer at the London Hospital under Matron Eva Luckes. She worked in various hospitals in England, including Shoreditch Infirmary[ (since renamed St Leonard’s Hospital). As a private travelling nurse treating patients in their homes, Cavell travelled to tend to patients with cancer, gout, pneumonia, pleurisy, eye issues, and appendicitis.
In 1907, Cavell was recruited by Dr. Antoine Depage to be matron of a newly established nursing school, L’École Belge d’Infirmières Diplômées, (or The Berkendael Medical Institute) on the Rue de la Culture (now Rue Franz Merjay), in Ixelles, Brussels, Belgium. By 1910, “Miss Cavell ‘felt that the profession of nursing had gained sufficient foothold in Belgium to warrant the publishing of a professional journal’ and, therefore, launched the nursing journal, L’infirmière”. Within a year, she was a training nurse for three hospitals, 24 schools, and 13 kindergartens in Belgium.
On 28 July 1914, When the First World War broke out, she was visiting her widowed mother in Norfolk. She returned to Brussels, where her clinic and nursing school were taken over by the Red Cross.
Edith Cavell World War I
After the German occupation of Brussels in November 1914, Cavell began sheltering British soldiers and funnelling them out of occupied Belgium to the neutral Netherlands. Wounded British and French soldiers as well as Belgian and French civilians of military age were hidden from the Germans and provided with false papers by Prince Réginald de Croÿ at his château of Bellignies near Mons. From there, they were conducted by various guides to the houses of Cavell, Louis Séverin, and others in Brussels, where their hosts would furnish them with money to reach the Dutch frontier, and provide them with guides obtained through Philippe Baucq. This placed Cavell in violation of German military law. German authorities became increasingly suspicious of the nurse’s actions, which were further fuelled by her outspokenness.
Edith Cavell Google Doodle
On 4th December 2018, Google celebrates Edith Cavell, a British nurse who risked her life to help hundreds of British and French soldiers escape from occupied Belgium during World War I with a Doodle.
Edith Cavell Execution
On 11 October 1914, Baron von der Lancken allowed the execution to proceed despite pressure from the US, Belgium, and Britain for mercy. Sixteen men, forming two firing squads, carried out the sentence pronounced on her and four Belgian men at the Tir national shooting range in Schaerbeek, at 7:00 am on 12 October 1915. There are conflicting reports of the details of Cavell’s execution. However, according to the eyewitness account of the Reverend Le Seur, who attended Cavell in her final hours, eight soldiers fired at Cavell while the other eight executed Baucq. Her execution, certification of death, and burial were all witnessed by the German poet Gottfried Benn in his capacity as a ‘Senior Doctor in the Brussels Government since the first days of the (German) occupation’. Benn wrote a detailed account titled “Wie Miss Cavell erschossen wurde” (How Miss Cavell was shot, 1928).
The night before her execution, she quoted saying “Patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone.”, words later inscribed on a memorial to her near Trafalgar Square. Her strong Anglican beliefs propelled her to help all those who needed it, both German and Allied soldiers. She was quoted as saying, “I can’t stop while there are lives to be saved.” The Church of England commemorates her in its Calendar of Saints on 12 October.
Cavell was 49 at the time of her execution. She was already notable as a pioneer of modern nursing in Belgium.