A fallacy is described as the flaws in statements and reasoning that are yet to be supported with proven facts to be true. For instance; fallacies are used in speeches and political campaigns to draw people’s support and convince them to trust the given judgment from a political leader or speaker. President Donald Trump besides being a successful businessman in the United States, he is also an influential public figure, and it is for these reasons that the media readily point out fallacies in his statements and speeches. In almost all speeches and interviews he has done, Trump can successfully persuade the audience using language manipulation with fallacies including personal attacks and appeal to emotions.
Donald Trump is a fan of social media especially Twitter, and since he is a powerful leader, he is on media spotlight. In his rallies, speeches, and tweets, there is evidence that Trump demonstrates the frequent use of ad hominem fallacy which is based on personal attack and therefore uses these to attack his political rivals and opponents. Examples, in campaigns 2016, Trump describes Hillary Clinton that she lacks the courage in leadership. Additionally in a debate with Hillary, October 2016, trump refers to Bill Clinton to be worse than him (Trump) and that what he mostly knows is abusing women. In a television interview 2015, trump sarcastically calls on the audience to look at the face of Carly Fiorina if it matches being the next president of United States and in his tweets; he says that listening to Carly for ten minutes consecutively, leads to a headache. Also, Trump attacks Bernie Sanders in a political rally in Norwalk January 2016 referring to him as a “whack job”.
There is also use of the appeal to emotions or fear in speeches by trump.fro instance, in 2016 in his speech regarding banning of Muslim immigration into the United States; Trump claims that the Muslims are the source of hatred to Americans and threatens the American citizens that it will get worse. Additionally, in his inaugural address delivered in January 2017, Donald Trump manipulates the emotions of the audience by referring to the transfer of authority from Washington to the citizens. Here, Trump claims that Washington DC was ruling yet people were not reaping the success of the leadership, but the leaders and neither did they (citizens) partake a share of the wealth of United States.
In his speech, there is also use of the ad-populum fallacy also described as the appeal to numbers and is involved in certifying and validating cases with the total population agreeing as right. For instance, during his inaugural address in Washington DC, Trump takes that chance to tell the audience what they want to hear to persuade them, example, to turn up in large numbers and be part of history, face and overcome challenges. Also, during his debates and campaigns, he frequently refers to what the polls show and not the facts. Like in a tweet in April 2017, Trump believes by the power of the votes that he is a strong leader since 53% of the voters said so even if it is not yet proven.
…popular vote. ABC News/Washington Post Poll (wrong big on election) said almost all stand by their vote on me & 53% said strong leader.
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) April 23, 2017
We can, therefore, conclude that president Donald Trump can successfully use fallacies as a strategy to manipulate the language and persuade the audience in his favor. Before and after elections, in his speeches and also social media platforms especially Twitter, as the media puts in the spotlight, his messages and statements are composed of different fallacies all aiming at persuading the audience and winning their trust.